Aussie-Sino Studies

2017, (2)

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Blue Barriers in International Trade : A Perspective from SA8000 and Labour Standards in the TPP

Yu Yanning

摘要(Abstract):

It is said that blue barriers that hinge upon strict labour standards as well as social accountability are new trade barriers. They force exporters to achieve social accountability and strict labour standards as prerequisites for export orders by inspecting factories on the grounds of human rights. Although these measures do restrict exports, they are not national compulsory standards, and thus do not constitute trade barriers per se. Despite the uncertain future of the TPP, its established rules reflect the latest trends and developments of international trade policies and laws in the new era. Labour standards in the TPP agreement that represent the new generation of regional trade agreements will be national compulsory standards and will have a significant impact on exports of non-TPP members. Once these standards are abused de jure or de facto to restrict exports, they will constitute blue barriers per se. Trade industries and exporters from non-TPP member states, such as China, should pay adequate attention and take necessary measures to handle blue barriers. The international community should also make efforts to render labour standards fairer and more justifiable for all.

关键词(KeyWords): blue barriers; SA8000;TPP;trade barriers

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基金项目(Foundation): This article is part of the outcome of a research project supported by Zhejiang Provincial Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of China (14NDJC137YB).

作者(Author): Yu Yanning

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