Aussie-Sino Studies

2017, (1) P73-P80

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Risk Assessment: The Influence of Emotion and Distraction

Wang Dan

摘要(Abstract):

To investigate if emotion influences risk assessment, and to determine if this effect depends on the opportunity and time available for deliberation, we replicated an experiment of Finucane and colleagues by offering participants two kinds of affective information (low benefit vs. high benefit) and two different judgment conditions (immediate judgment vs. deliberation prior to judgment). We also included a distraction judgment condition to test how the passage of time affects emotion’s influence on risk assessment. The hypothesis tested here was that individuals’ risk assessment would be influenced by the high and low benefit affective conditions, and that this influence would change per whether participants made these judgments immediately, after time for deliberation, or after a period of distraction. The results showed that neither the main effects of affective information and judgment condition nor the interaction between these two factors were significant, with all F’s <1, all p’s > .394. Thus, the findings of Finucane et al. we’re not replicated in the current study. Exploratory analyses suggested that a possible reason for this replication failure may be that the items we used were not novel, and therefore less likely to show an effect of the information we provided about them.

关键词(KeyWords): Risk assessment, affective conditions, judgment conditions

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作者(Author): Wang Dan

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