Aussie-Sino Studies

2015, (4) P16-P19

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On the Split Personalities of the Main Characters in the Picture of Dorian Gray

Peng Zhongzhe

摘要(Abstract):

The three male characters in The Picture of Dorian Gray represent three totally different personalities, corresponding the id, ego and superego in Freud’s psychological theory. Dorian Gray, attracted by the voluptuous life of the upper society, pursues pleasure regardless of the limitation of social morality. He embodies the id which operates according to the pleasure principle; Lord Henry, the advocate of hedonism, is the incarnation of the ego which functions with the rational part of mind and operates according to the reality principle; Basil operates according to the moral principle, as the epitome of the superego which superintends and standardizes people’s behavior. The thesis tends to analyze the split personalities of the three characters from the perspective of Freud's theory of psychoanalysis.

关键词(KeyWords): oscar Wilde, freud, ego, id, super-ego

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作者(Author): Peng Zhongzhe

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