Aussie-Sino Studies

2017, (2)

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A Study on the Characteristics of Word Meaning

Zhou Ruiying, Liu Hongli

摘要(Abstract):

Word meaning is complicated by its diversity, multidimensionality, variability and nationality. Geoffrey Leech divides word meaning into seven categories: conceptual meaning, connotative meaning, social meaning, affective meaning, reflected meaning, collective meaning and thematic meaning. The diversity of word meaning makes it more difficult for students to acquire. Of course, different kinds of word meaning don’t parallel with each other. They belong to different levels or exist in the form of multidimensionality. Among them, conceptual meaning is the basic meaning, and associative meaning is not the intrinsic meaning of a word itself. It is extended meaning, which is based on the conceptual meaning. The multidimensionality of word meaning requires that students should gain the meanings from different aspects. The meaning of a word is not immutable and frozen. It changes with the development of society. The change of word meaning and the production of a new meaning are the main phenomena of the variability of word meaning. Word meaning reflects culture. Language is the symbolic representation of a people, and it comprises their historical and cultural backgrounds as their approach to life and their ways of living and thinking.

关键词(KeyWords): diversity, multidimensionality, variability nationality

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作者(Author): Zhou Ruiying, Liu Hongli

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